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Sandfield Close Primary School

Geography

Geography at Sandfield Close Primary School

Purpose

At Sandfield Close Primary School our geography curriculum aims to inspire in children an inquisitiveness about the world in which they reside, in the hope that this desire for knowledge will remain with them for many years to come.  We aim to deliver lessons that develop children’s awareness about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments. We also endeavour to provide children with a firm understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. As children’s understanding develops, we hope that this in turn helps to strengthen their understanding of physical and human processes, as well as the formation and use of landscapes and environments. Through our teaching of the geography curriculum we hope that children are able to understand how the Earth’s features are shaped, inter-connected and inevitably change over time.

Aims

At Sandfield Close Primary School our geography curriculum aims to:

  • ensure that all pupils develop an appropriate level of knowledge about the location of places of global significance – both terrestrial and marine – including an awareness of their notable physical and human features
  • enable children to have the opportunities required to understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, allow children to understand how these are interdependent on one another and how they bring about change over time 
  • ensure that children are able to develop the necessary geographical skills that are required in order to collect, analyse and communicate using a range of data
  • allow children the opportunity to access geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and measureable skills and writing

Objectives

By the end of their time at Sandfield Close Primary School, pupils are expected to know, apply and understand the matters, skills and processes specified in the programme of study for geography.

Key Stage 1

Children will develop their knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. We aim for all children to understand basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their locational awareness. Children’s locational knowledge, place knowledge, knowledge of human and physical geography and geographical skills will all be developed.

Children will be taught to:

  • name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans
  • name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its

surrounding seas

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country
  • identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles
  • use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage
  • use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language [for example,
  • near and far; left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map
  • use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key
  • use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.
  • use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:
  • key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley,

vegetation, season and weather

  • key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop

Key Stage 2

Children will be taught to extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe, North and South America. This will include the location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features. They should develop their use of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to enhance their locational and place knowledge. 

Children will be taught to:

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities
  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time
  • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)
  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America
  • describe and understand key aspects of:
  • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle
  • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water

The curriculum for geography

The geography curriculum that we deliver at Sandfield Close Primary School aims to provides a means of exploring, appreciating and understanding the world in which we live and how it has evolved. Our geography curriculum endeavours to enable children the opportunity to explore the relationship between the Earth and its people through the study of place, space and environment.

 

Autumn 1

Autumn 2

Spring 1

Spring 2

Summer 1

Summer 2

Year 1

Europe

Asia

     

Africa

Year 2

Map Skills

Antarctica

Australia

   

North America

South America

An Island Home

Year 3

     

Water Cycle

Comparisons with the UK (Spain)

Comparisons with the UK (Russia)

Year 4

   

Our Environment

Humans and their Habitats

Mexico

Mexico

Year 5

   

Topographical features – hills, mountains, rivers, coasts

Human Geography

Year 6

   

Extreme Earth

     

Progression of geographical skills

 

KS1

KS2

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Locational Knowledge

Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.

Name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans.

Locate and name the continents on a World Map.

Locate the main countries of Europe including Russia.

Identify capital cities of Europe.

Locate and name the countries making up the British Isles, with their capital cities.

Identify longest rivers in the world, largest deserts, highest mountains.

Compare with UK.

Identify the position and significance of Equator, N. and S. Hemisphere, Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.

On a world map, locate areas of similar environmental regions, either desert, rainforest or temperate regions.

Locate the main countries in Europe and North or South America. Locate and name principal cities.

Compare 2 different regions in UK rural/urban.

Locate and name the main counties and cities in England.

Identify the position and significance of latitude/longitude

On a world map locate the main countries in Africa, Asia and Australasia/Oceania. Identify their main environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, and major cities.

Name and locate the key topographical features including coast, features of erosion, hills, mountains and rivers. Understand how these features have changed over time.

Place

Knowledge

Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country using Barnaby Bear/class bear.

Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a country concentrating on islands and sea sides

Compare a region of the UK with a region in Europe,

Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America.

Compare a region in UK with a region in N. or S. America with significant differences and similarities.

Compare a region in UK with a region in N. or S. America with significant differences and similarities.

Human & Physical Geography

Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom.

 Identify the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles

Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:

 key physical features, including:, forest, hill, mountain, soil, valley, vegetation,.

 key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office.

Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:

 key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather

 key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop

Describe and understand key aspects of:

Physical geography including Rivers and the water cycle

Human geography including trade links in the Pre-roman and Roman era.

Types of settlements in Early Britain linked to History. Why did early people choose to settle there?

Describe and understand key aspects of:

Physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts (link to work on Rainforest)

Types of settlements in modern Britain: villages, towns, cities.

Describe and understand key aspects of :

Physical geography including coasts, rivers and the water cycle including transpiration; climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts.

(Link to literacy – Giant’s Necklace)

Human geography including trade between UK and Europe

Describe and understand key aspects of :

Physical geography including Volcanoes and earthquakes, looking at plate tectonics and the ring of fire.

Distribution of natural resources focussing on energy

Geographical Skills & Field work

Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries.

Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment..

        Use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key.

Use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far; left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map.

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping (Google Earth) to locate countries and describe features studied.

Learn the eight points of a compass, 2 figure grid reference (maths co-ordinates), some basic symbols and key (including the use of a simplified Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world

Use fieldwork to observe and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping (Google Earth) to locate countries and describe features studied

Learn the eight points of a compass, four-figure grid references.

Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping mapping (Google Earth) to locate countries and describe features studied

Use the eight points of a compass,  four-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom  in the past and present.

Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping mapping (Google Earth) to locate countries and describe features studied

Extend to 6 figure grid references with teaching of latitude and longitude in depth.

Expand map skills to include non-UK countries.

Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.